Paul Charles Morphy was an American chess player. He is considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and is often considered the unofficial World Chess Champion. A chess prodigy, he was called “The Pride and Sorrow of Chess” because he had a brilliant chess career but retired from the game while still young.
Garry Kasparov held that Morphy’s historical merit is realizing the relevance of 1) the fast development of the pieces, 2) domination of the centre, and 3) opening lines, a quarter-century before Wilhelm Steinitz had formulated those principles. Kasparov maintained that Morphy can be considered both the “forefather of modern chess” and “the first swallow – the prototype of the strong 20th-century grandmaster”.
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Below are few puzzles named after Morphy
Answer: 0-0 #
Answer: 1.Rf8+ Q×f8 2. R×f8+ R×f8 3. Q×g6#
Answer: 1……. R×f3 2. N×f3 Rd3 3. Nh4 R×b3 4. N×g6 R×a3 5. N×e7+ N×e7 – + ( if 2. Q×f3 Qg5 – +)
Answer:1……. R×e4 2. Q×e4 Ng3 3. Q×h7 Nde2# ( if (a) 3. h×g3 Q×e4 (b) 3.Qe3 Nde2+ 4. Q×e2 N×e2+ 5. kh1 Q×h2+ 6. K×h2 Rh8# )
Answer: 1……. Q×f3 2. g×f3 Rg6+ 3. Kh1 Bh3 4. Qd3 f5 4. Rd1 Bg2+ 5. Kg1 B×f3+ 6. Kf1 B×d1 – + ( if 4. Rg1 R×g1+ 5. K×g1 Re1+ 6. Qf1 R×f1# )